# Glossary¶

## General¶

- BCC
Several metallic including for example elements from groups 5 (V, Nb, Ta) and 6 (Cr, Mo, W) have a body-centered cubic (BCC) ground state structure.

- FCC
The face-centered cubic (FCC) lattice is one of the most common crystal structures for metallic elements including e.g., the late transition metals from group 10 (Ni, Pd, Pt) and 11 (Cu, Ag, Au).

- DFT
The construction of force constants requires accurate reference data. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations are one of the most common source for such data.

## Optimization and machine learning¶

- ARDR
Automatic relevance determination regression (ARDR) is an optimization algorithm provided by scikit-learn

- Compressive sensing
Compressive sensing (CS), also known as compressive sampling, is an efficient method for constructing sparse solutions for linear systems.

- CV
- Cross validation
Cross validation (CV) is commonly employed to evaluated the transferability and accuracy of linear problems.

- LASSO
The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) is a method for performing variable selection and regularization in problems in statistics and machine learning.

- Kernel ridge regression
Kernel ridge regression (KRR) combines ridge regression with the kernel trick.

- RFE
In machine learning recursive feature elimination (RFE) is a popular feature selection process in model construction.

- Regularization
Regularization, is commonly used in machine learning to combat overfitting and for solving underdetermined systems.

## Crystal symmetry and clusters¶

- Crystal symmetry operation
A crystal symmetry operation for a specific lattice means that the lattice is invariant under this operation. An operation comprises translational and rotational components.

- Cluster
A cluster is defined as a set of points on a lattice.

- Cluster size
The size of a cluster (commonly refered to as the cluster radius) is defined as the average distance to the geometrical center of the cluster.

- Cluster space
The set of clusters into which a structure can be decomposed.

- Cutoff
Cutoffs define the longest allowed distance between two atoms in a cluster for each order.

- Orbit
- Orbits
An orbit is defined as a set of symmetry equivalent clusters.

## Cluster expansions¶

- Cluster expansion
- CE
- CEs
Cluster expansions (CEs) provide a mapping between a configuration and a property of interest that can be many orders of magnitude faster than the underlying reference calculations from e.g., DFT.

- DOS
density of states

- ECI
- ECIs
The parameters of a CE are usually referred to as effective cluster interactions (ECIs).

- MC
Monte Carlo (MC) simulations are an effective method for sampling a multi-dimensional space.

- MCS
- MCSs
A Monte Carlo sweep (MCS) is defined as \(N_{sites}\) MC trial steps, where \(N_{sites}\) is the number of sites in the system.

- WL
The Wang-Landau (WL) algorithm allows one to extract the microcanonical density of states (DOS), from which many other thermodynamic quantities can be calculated [WanLan01a].